Regína sacratíssimi Rosárii, ora pro nobis!

Occurring Scripture for the Hour of Matins

Our Lady of the Rosary

Week of the 4th Sunday after Pentecost

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Lesson i
A Reading from the First book of Kings
1 Kings 17:1-7

    Now the Philistines gathering together their troops to battle, assembled at Socho of Juda, and camped between Socho and Azeca in the borders of Dommim.  And Saul and the children of Israel gathered together and came to the valley of Terebinth, and they set the army in array to fight against the Philistines.  And the Philistines stood on a mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on a mountain on the other side: and there was a valley between them.  And there went out a man of base birth from the camp of the Philistines named Goliath, of Geth, whose height was six cubits and a span:  And he had a helmet of brass upon his head, and he was clothed with a coat of mail with scales, and the weight of his coat of mail was five thousand sicles of brass:  And he had greaves of brass on his legs, and a buckler of brass covered his shoulders. And the staff of his spear was like a weaver's beam, and the head of his spear weighed six hundred sicles of iron: and his armor bearer went before him.

Lesson ii
1 Kings 17:8-11

    And standing he cried out to the bands of Israel, and said to them: "Why are you come out prepared to fight? am not I a Philistine, and you the servants of Saul? Choose out a man of you, and let him come down and fight hand to hand.  If he be able to fight with me, and kill me, we will be your servants: but if I prevail against him, and kill him, you shall be servants, and shall serve us."  And the Philistine said: "I have defied the bands of Israel this day: Give me a man, and let him fight with me hand to hand."  And Saul and all the Israelites hearing these words of the Philistine were dismayed, and greatly afraid.

Lesson iii
1 Kings 17:12-16

    Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehem in Juda previously mentioned, whose name was Isai, who had eight sons, and was an old man in the days of Saul, and of great age among men.  And his three eldest sons followed Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle, were Eliab the firstborn, and the second Abinadab, and the third Samma.  But David was the youngest. So the three eldest having followed Saul,  David went, and returned from Saul, to feed his father's flock at Bethlehem.  Now the Philistine came out morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

Lesson iv
From the Sermons of Saint Augustine, Bishop
Sermon 197 of the season (near the middle)

    The children of Israel faced their enemies for forty days. These forty days, by reason of the four Seasons of the year, and of the four Continents of the globe, are a figure of this present life, during which the Christian world ceases not to be arrayed in battle against the devil and his angels, as it were against Goliath and the army of the Philistines. Neither can they hope to overcome him, were it not for the true David, that is, Christ, with His staff, that is, with the Mystery of His Cross. For before Christ came, my dearly beloved brethren, the devil was at large. But when Christ came, He did to him what is written in the Gospel, where it is said "How can one enter into a strong man's house, and spoil his goods, except he first bind the strong man" (Mark 3:27; Matthew 12:29). Christ therefore came, and bound the devil.

Lesson v

    But some man will say: If he is bound, why is he still so powerful? It is quite true, my dearly beloved brethren, that he is very powerful but his lordship is over the lukewarm and the careless, and such as do not fear God in truth.  He is chained up like a dog, and can only bite those who are such suicidal fools as to go within the length of his chain. Look, my brethren, what a dolt a man must be who gets himself bitten by a dog that is chained up.  Let not the desires and lusts of the world draw you within reach of him, and he will not be able to get at thee.  He can bark, he can whine but he can only bite those who are willing to be bitten. He assails us, not by violence, but by persuasionhe asks, not seizes, our consent.

Lesson vi

    David, then, came, and found the Jewish people set in battle array against the devil and since there was no one who dared to go to single combat, he, who was a type of Christ, sallied out to the battle, took his staff in his hand, and went forth against Goliath. In him was a shadow of a substance which is in Christ. Christ, the true David, when He went forth to fight against the spiritual Goliath, that is to say, against the devil, went forth bearing His Cross. You see, my brethren, in what part it was that David smote Goliathit was upon that forehead whereon the Cross had never been traced. And as the staff of David was a figure of the Cross of Christ, so was the stone wherewith the giant was smitten a figure of the Lord Himself.


Lesson vii

The continuation of the Holy Gospel according to Luke
Luke 5:1-11

    At that time: As the multitudes pressed upon Jesus, to hear the word of God, He stood by the lake of Gennesareth.  And saw two ships standing by the lake: but the fishermen were gone out of them, and were washing their nets.  And going into one of the ships that was Simon's, He desired him to draw back a little from the land. And sitting He taught the multitudes out of the ship.  Now when He had ceased to speak, He said to Simon: "Launch out into the deep, and let down your nets for a draught."  And Simon answering said to Him: "Master, we have labored all the night, and have taken nothing: but at Thy word I will let down the net." And when they had done this, they enclosed a very great multitude of fishes, and their net broke.  And they beckoned to their partners that were in the other ship, that they should come and help them. And they came, and filled both ships, so that they were almost sinking.  Which when Simon Peter saw, he fell down at Jesus' knees, saying: "Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, O Lord."  For he was wholly astonished, and all that were with him, at the draught of the fishes which they had taken.  And so were also James and John the sons of Zebedee, who were Simon's partners. And Jesus said to Simon: "Fear not: from henceforth you shall catch men."  And having brought their ships to land, leaving all things, they followed Him.

An Homily of Saint Ambrose, Bishop
Book IV on Luke V

    When the Lord worked so many acts of healing, neither time nor place could restrain the people from seeking health. Evening came, and they still followed Him He went down to the lake, and they still pressed upon Him and therefore He entered into Peter's ship. This is that ship, which spiritually up to this very hour, according to the expression of Matthew, is buffeted by tempests, but still, according to Luke, is filled with fish, this signifying, that, for a while, to labor is present to the Church, but, hereafter, it shall be to rejoice. The fish are they who swim in the troubled waters of human life. In this ship, also spiritually, does Christ, for His disciples, still sleep, and still command for He sleeps for the lukewarm, and watches for the perfect.

Lesson viii

    O fear, then, for the ship where wisdom steers, false teaching is not known, and faith fills the sails. How shall she be troubled, whose Lord is Himself the Church's sure Foundation?  It is where faith is weak that there is fear.  Where love is perfect, there there is safety. To many it is commanded to loose their nets, but to Peter only to "Launch out into the deep," that is, into the depths of doctrine. What indeed is there so deep, as to gaze upon the depth of all riches, to recognize the Son of God, and to take up the confession of His Divine generation. This is a thing which the mind is not able to grasp by the searching of man's reason, but which is embraced by a hearty faith.

Lesson ix

    Even though, it is not given unto me to know how He was born, yet that born He was, I may not be ignorant. What the order of His generation was, I know not, but the Source of His generation I acknowledge. No one has beheld the Begetting of the Son of God by the Father, but the Church has stood by to hear the Father testify that this is His beloved Son. If we believe not God, whom shall we believe? For whatever we believe comes either by sight or by hearingsight is oftentimes deceived, but "faith comes by hearing."

Let us pray:
    Grant, we beseech Thee, O Lord, that the course of this world may be so peaceably ordered by Thee, that Thy Church may joyfully serve Thee in quiet devotion.  Through our Lord Jesus Christ.


Lesson i
A Reading from the First book of Kings
1 Kings 17:25-26

    And someone of Israel said: "Have you seen this man that has come up, for he has come up to defy Israel. And the man that shall slay him, the king will enrich with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and will make his father's house free from tribute in Israel."  And David spoke to the men that stood by him, saying: "What shall be given to the man that shall kill this Philistine, and shall take away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?"

Lesson ii
1 Kings 17:31-33

    And the words which David spoke were heard, and were rehearsed before Saul.  And when he was brought to him, he said to him: "Let not any man's heart be dismayed in him: I thy servant will go, and will fight against the Philistine."  And Saul said to David: "You art not able to withstand this Philistine, nor to fight against him: for you art but a boy, but he is a warrior from his youth."

Lesson iii
1 Kings 17:34-36

    And David said to Saul: "Your servant kept his father's sheep, and there came a lion, or a bear, and took a ram out of the midst of the flock:  And I pursued after them, and struck them, and delivered it out of their mouth: and they rose up against me, and I caught them by the throat, and I strangled and killed them.  For I your servant has killed both a lion and a bear: and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be also as one of them. I will go now, and take away the reproach of the people: for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, who has dared to curse the army of the living God?


Lesson i
A Reading from the First book of Kings
1 Kings 17:38-40

    And Saul clothed David with his garments, and put a helmet of brass upon his head, and armed him with a coat of mail.  And David having girded his sword upon his armor, began to try if he could walk in armor: for he was not accustomed to it. And David said to Saul: I cannot go like this, for I am not used to it. And he laid them off,  And he took his staff, which he had always in his hands: and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them into the shepherd's scrip, which he had with him, and he took a sling in his hand, and went forth against the Philistine.

Lesson ii
1 Kings 17:41-46

    And the Philistine came on, and drew nigh against David, and his armor bearer before him.  And when the Philistine looked, and beheld David, he despised him. For he was a young man, ruddy, and of a comely countenance.  And the Philistine said to David: "Am I a dog, that you come to me with a staff?" And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.  And he said to David: "Come to me, and I will give your flesh to the birds of the air, and to the beasts of the earth."  And David said to the Philistine: You come to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to you in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, which you have defied this day, and the Lord will deliver you into my hand, and I will slay you, and take away your head from you: and I will give the carcasses of the army of the Philistines this day to the birds of the air, and to the beasts of the earth: that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel.

Lesson iii
1 Kings 17:48-51

    And when the Philistine arose and was coming, and drew near to meet David, David made haste, and ran to the fight to meet the Philistine.  And he put his hand into his scrip, and took a stone, and cast it with the sling, and fetching it about struck the Philistine in the forehead: and the stone was fixed in his forehead, and he fell on his face upon the earth.  And David prevailed over the Philistine, with a sling and a stone, and he struck, and slew the Philistine. And as David had no sword in his hand, he ran, and stood over the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath, and slew him, and cut off his head. And the Philistines seeing that their champion was dead, fled away.


Lesson i
A Reading from the First book of Kings
1 Kings 18:6-8

    Now when David returned, after be slew the Philistine, the women came out of all the cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet king Saul, with timbrels of joy, and cornets.  And the women sung as they played, and they said: "Saul slew his thousands, and David his ten thousands."  And Saul was exceedingly angry, and this word was displeasing in his eyes, and he said: "They have given David ten thousands, and to me they have given but a thousand; what can he have more but the kingdom?"

Lesson ii
1 Kings 18:9-13

    And Saul did not look on David with a good eye from that day and forward.  And the day after the evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of his house. And David played with his hand as at other times. And Saul held a spear in his hand,  And threw it, thinking to nail David to the wall: and David stepped aside out of his presence twice.  And Saul feared David, because the Lord was with him, and was departed from himself.  Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him a captain over a thousand men, and he went out and came in before the people.

Lesson iii
1 Kings 18:14-17

    And David behaved wisely in all his ways, and the Lord was with him.  And Saul saw that he was exceeding prudent, and began to beware of him.  But all Israel and Juda loved David, for he came in and went out before them.  And Saul said to David: "Behold my elder daughter Merob, I will give her to you to wife: only be a valiant man, and fight the battles of the Lord." Now Saul said within himself: "Let not my hand be upon him, but let the hands of the Philistines be upon him."


Lesson i
From the first Book of Kings
1 Kings 19:1-3

    And Saul spoke to Jonathan his son and to all his servants, that they should kill David. But Jonathan the son of Saul loved David exceedingly.  And Jonathan told David, saying: Saul my father seeks to kill you: therefore look to thyself, I beseech you, in the morning, and you shall abide in a secret place and shall be hid.  And I will go out and stand beside my father in the field where you are: and I will speak of you to my father, and whatsoever I shall see, I will tell you.

Lesson ii
1 Kings 19:4-6

    And Jonathan spoke good things of David to Saul his father: and said to him: Sin not, O king, against thy servant, David, because he has not sinned against thee, and his works are very good towards thee.  And he put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine, and the Lord wrought great salvation for all Israel. You saw it and did rejoice. Why therefore will you sin against innocent blood by killing David, who is without fault?  And when Saul heard this he was appeased with the words of Jonathan, and swore: "As the Lord lives he shall not be slain."

Lesson iii
1 Kings 19:8-10

    And the war began again, and David went out and fought against the Philistines, and defeated them with a great slaughter, and they fled from his face.  And the evil spirit from the Lord came upon Saul, and he sat in his house, and held a spear in his hand: and David played with his hand.  And Saul endeavored to nail David to the wall with his spear. And David slipped away out of the presence of Saul: and the spear missed him, and was fastened in the wall, and David fled and escaped that night.


Lesson i
From the First book of Kings
1 Kings 20:1-2

    But David fled from Najoth, which is in Ramatha, and came and said to Jonathan: "What have I done? what is my iniquity, and what is my sin against thy father, that he seeks my life?"  And he said to him: "God forbid, you shall not die: for my father will do nothing great or little, without first telling me: has my father hid this word only from me? no, this shall not be.

Lesson ii
1 Kings 20:3-4

    And he swore again to David. And David said: "your father certainly knows that I have found grace in your sight, and he will say: 'Let not Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved.' But truly as the Lord lives, and your soul lives, there is but one step (as I may say) between me and death."  And Jonathan said to David: "Whatsoever your soul shall say to me, I will do for you."

Lesson iii
1 Kings 20:5-7

    And David said to Jonathan: "Behold tomorrow is the new moon, and I according to custom am wont to sit beside the king to eat: let me go then that I may be hid in the field till the evening of the third day.  If your father looks and inquires for me, you shall answer him: 'David asked me that he might run to Bethlehem his own city: because there are solemn sacrifices there for all his tribe.'  If he shall say, 'It is well': thy servant shall have peace: but if he be angry, know that his malice is come to its height."



Lesson i
From the First Book of Kings
1 Kings 21:1-3

    And David came to Nobe to Achimelech the priest: and Achimelech was astonished at David's coming. And he said to him: "Why are you alone, and no man with you?"  And David said to Achimelech the priest: "The king commanded me and said: 'Let no man know the thing for which I sent you, and what manner of commands I have given you: and I have appointed my servants to such and such a place.'  Now therefore if you have any thing at hand, though it were but five loaves, give me, or whatsoever you can find."

Lesson ii
1 Kings 21: 4-9

    And the priest answered David, saying: "I have no common bread at hand, but only holy bread, if the young men be clean, especially from women?"  And David answered the priest, and said to him: "Truly, as to what concerns women, we have refrained ourselves from yesterday and the day before, when we came out, and the vessels of the young men were holy. Now this way is defiled, but it shall also be sanctified this day in the vessels."  The priest therefore gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there, but only the loaves of proposition, which had been taken away from before the face of the Lord, that hot loaves might be set up.  Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, within the tabernacle of the Lord: and his name was Doeg, an Edomite, the chief of Saul's herdsmen.  And David said to Achimelech: "Have you here at hand a spear, or a sword? for I brought neither my own sword, nor my own weapons with me, for the king's business required haste."  And the priest said: "Behold, here is the sword of Goliath the Philistine whom you slew in the valley of Terebinth, wrapped up in a cloth behind the ephod: if you will take this, take it, for here is no other but this." And David said: "There is none like that, give it me."

Lesson iii
Of the feast of the day or of the Saturday office of the Blessed Virgin

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