Regína sacratíssimi Rosárii, ora pro nobis!

Volume I, Number 3
Time after Pentecost 1992
The Guardian

    Question: Who are all of those saints mentioned in the canon of the Mass?

    Answer:  Each day at Mass the priest mentions the names of a large number of saints in the Canon. Some, like Peter and Paul, are known by everyone. But who were the others Cletus, Clement, Xystus, Cornelius, and so on? For the most part, they were Apostles or Roman Martyrs, but, perhaps, a more detailed look is in order. Taking them in the order in which they appear in the Canon, we have:

    Mary. What more appropriate way to begin than by mentioning the Mother of God?

    Joseph. A very recent addition to the Canon, the foster father of our Lord, and spouse of the Blessed Virgin. (March 19)

    Peter. The first pope. The "Rock" upon which Christ built His Church, against which the gates of hell shall not prevail. Crucified upside down in Rome. (June29)

    Paul. First a persecutor of the Church, then Its great Apostle to the Gentiles. Beheaded in Rome. (June 29)

    Andrew. Apostle, and brother of Peter. Martyred in southern Greece. (Nov. 30)

    James. A cousin of our Lord. First bishop of Jerusalem. Called "the less," to distinguish him from the brother of St. John. Thrown from the temple and clubbed to death. (May 1)

    John. The only non-martyr among the Apostles. Wrote the fourth Gospel, three Epistles and the Apocalypse. (Dec. 27)

    Thomas, the "doubting Thomas," preached our Lord in India. (Dec. 21)

    James the "greater." Killed by Herod in 44, after having preached in far away Spain. (July 25)

    Philip. Preached in Phrygia (modern day Turkey) and was crucified. (May 1)

    Bartholomew. Also called Nathaniel, evangelized Arabia, and was flayed alive. (Aug. 24)

    Matthew. A tax collector prior to following the Lord. Martyred in Persia.  Author of the first Gospel (Sept. 21)

    Simon.  Known as the Zealot, preached in Persia, and martyred in Babylonia (modern Iran and Iraq). (Oct. 28)

    Thaddeus. Jude, called Thaddeus to distinguish him from the apostate Judas. Author of an Epistle. Martyred in Palestine. (Oct. 28)

    Linus. Successor to St. Peter, pope for about twelve years. (Sept. 23)

    Cletus. Third pope, martyred by Domitian in 91 A.D. (Apr. 26)

    Clement.  Fourth pope, martyred under the "good" Emperor Trajan in 100 A.D. (Nov. 23)

    Xystus.  Probably Pope Xystus II, martyred in 258. (Aug. 6)

    Cornelius.  Pope, martyred in 253. (Sept 16)

    Cyprian. Bishop of Carthage, martyred in 258. Associated with Pope Cornelius in debate over receiving those who had apostatized during persecution back into the Church. (Sept. 16, in common with Cornelius.)

    Lawrence. One of the seven deacons of Rome. Refused to turn the Church's charitable funds over to the Romans, and was roasted alive. (Aug.10)

    Chrysogonus. A layman imprisoned for the Faith, and later martyred under Diocletian in 303 A.D. (Nov. 24)

    John and Paul.  Brothers, officers in the Army of Julian the Apostate. Martyred in 363 after leaving the service and giving their goods to the poor. (June 26)

    Cosmas and Damian. Brothers and physicians, martyred by Diocletian in 283 for miraculously healing the sick in our Lord's name. (Sept. 27)

    "And all Thy saints." The Canon reminds us that there are many more saints than can be mentioned during this brief prayer. (Nov. 1)

    Abel the Just. Son of Adam, first to offer an acceptable sacrifice to God. (Genesis 4)

    Abraham.  Father of the chosen people from whom would come the Savior. Willing to sacrifice his firstborn son if it had been the will of God.  (Genesis 12-25)

    Melchisedech. Priest-king of Salem. Offered the sacrifice of bread and wine.  (Genesis 14, Psalm 109, Hebrews 7)

    John (the Baptist). Beheaded for chiding Herod on his marital infidelity. (June 24 and Aug. 29)

    Stephen. Deacon and first martyr. Stoned to death by the Sanhedrin for preaching Christ. (Dec.26)

    Matthias. Chosen by the Apostles to replace Judas. Stoned to death in 64 A.D. (Feb.24)

    Barnabas. Paul's companion, called an Apostle, although not one of the original twelve. Stoned to death about 60 A.D. (June 11)

    Ignatius. Followed St. Peter as Bishop of Antioch. Martyred in Rome around 107 A.D. (Feb. 1)

    Alexander. Pope and martyr, tortured to death under Hadrian about 113. (May 3)

    Marcellinus and Peter. A priest and an exorcist of Rome, put to death in 304. (June 2)

    Felicitas and Perpetua.  An expectant mother and a woman with a nursing child, first given to the lions and then beheaded in 202 at Carthage. (Mar. 6)

    Agatha. Put to death protecting her virtue in 251 at Catania. (Feb. 5)

    Lucy.  A Sicilian, martyred by the sword for retaining her virginity. (Dec. 13)

    Agnes.  Roman virgin and martyr at the tender age of thirteen. (Jan. 21)

    Cecilia. Virgin and martyr, forced to marry a pagan whom she converted prior to her death. (Nov. 22)

    Anastasia.  A married woman, martyred in 304. (Dec. 25)


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